Phobias | Mental health | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

– [Voiceover] Phobia is this
extreme and unreasonable or irrational fear of something. That something can be
anything from an animal to an inanimate object, to
situations or activities. Having a phobia isn’t just
your everyday worries, stress, or fears though. It’s not just being scared of a dark alley or being worried about flying on a plane. People with specific phobias
work super hard to avoid whatever object they’re afraid of even is they know there’s
actually no real danger or threat. And they might feel
powerless to stop this fear and feel extreme anxiety even
thinking about the object. Because of this, phobias can seriously
disrupt daily routines, limit your work efficiency,
reduce your self-esteem, and strain relationships
because someone might do whatever they can to
avoid feeling the anxious and sometimes terrifying
feelings of a phobia. As an example, many people
might feel little uneasier or annoyed camping at
night when tons of moths start to swarm around your lanterns. But, knowing this will probably happen likely won’t affect your
decision to go camping, right? Someone with mottephobia or fear of moths might actually avoid the
camping trip altogether because they know that there’s
this chance of seeing a moth. This avoidance might interfere
with your social life and your relationship with your friends. Obviously, a fear of moths
isn’t the only phobia, though. It’s not even in the top 10. Anyway, some of the
more common phobias are things like fear of blood, or hemophobia, as well as fears of medical procedures, especially things like
injections and needles. There can also be fears
of animals, though, especially snakes or ophidiophobia, dogs or cynophobia, and spiders or arachnophobia. An example situation could
be like claustrophobia, which is a fear of constricted
or enclosed, or tight spaces. Someone with claustrophobia
might have this intense fear of getting on an elevator
because it’s so compact. As somewhat of an opposite example, agoraphobia is a fear of
going out into an open or crowded space which
can be anything from malls to markets, to theaters. Oftentimes they’re fearful
of not being able to escape. Someone might also have a
fear of heights or falling which is acrophobia, or a
fear of flying, aerophobia. And finally, you could be afraid of some natural phenomenon,
too, like lightning, which is called astraphobia. Now being exposed to the
feared object or even thinking about being exposed to the
feared object might cause severe symptoms of anxiety that are much stronger
than the real threat. People with phobias often catastrophize, or immediately jump to the
worst case scenario and also overestimate the chances
of that actually happening. This might lead to physical
symptoms like sweating, muscle control issues,
or fast heart rates. Even though certain things
like spiders can cause anxiety with a lot of people, it’s
super important to emphasize the difference between an
everyday anxiety about something and a specific phobia. As an example, an everyday
anxiety might be feeling queezy when you enter the spider
exhibit at the zoo. Someone with arachnophobia or
fear of spiders might avoid going to the zoo altogether
to avoid seeing any spiders. Another everyday anxiety might be feeling dizzy when climbing a ladder. Someone with a fear of
heights might not go to their best friend’s wedding just because it’s on the
30th floor of a hotel. Finally, an everyday anxiety
might be being scared on a plane during severe
turbulence where someone with aerophobia might avoid
getting on a plane altogether, even if it was to go accept
a promotion to their job. If someone does actually have a phobia and it’s not just everyday
fear, what causes it? Where does this come from? Well, the answer to that
is not really known. One thing that is known is
you’re more likely to have a phobia if you have a
family member with a phobia. Another way someone might
develop a phobia, though, is from specific bad experiences. For example, someone that
suffered a severe bite by a rabid dog might develop
cynophobia or fear of dogs. Or even seeing someone else
being very afraid of something could trigger a specific phobia. Those that have a phobia
will likely be diagnosed by a healthcare professional
that asks specific questions about your symptoms as well
having your physical exam taken and asking about particular medications which can all help rule out
other medical conditions that might be producing the anxiety. Once the phobia is diagnosed, though, treatment can be administered. Here it’s important to
tailor the treatment to the specific patients since
patients respond differently to therapy, especially if
other conditions are involved like depression or drug abuse. Cognitive behavior therapy is
specific kind of psychotherapy is particularly effective
for specific phobias. First, therapists will likely
try to help the patient identify a mistake in beliefs and realize they’re probably
overestimating their fear and talk about the realistic risks. For example, being bitten by a rabid dog is actually a pretty rare occurrence. Secondly, they’ll expose the
person to the feared situation. Using the same example, the
therapist might have the patient get closer to a dog which helps them learn to take acceptable risks
that are relatively safe. Although the treatment regimen
varies with each patient and the time required for
treatment also varies, the vast majority of people
with specific phobias can be helped with professional care.

10 thoughts on “Phobias | Mental health | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

  1. This is absolute b***** if you disagree with something or a belief or just downright don't want to be around something because it's wrong it is not a phobia you can love some spiders and hate others and not become an Arachnophobia this is a complete utter horseshit it is normalizing pink pussy wearing hat idiots with words like islamophobia when terrorists are a real f**** thing and you have every right to disagree with them and it's not called islamophobia you f**** morons

  2. I don't know what my phobia is called but I am 24 and really really very scared of sudden thuds ..sounds of bursting crackers or lightning or even sudden noise caused by closing of door

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