How did Hitler rise to power? – Alex Gendler and Anthony Hazard

How did Adolf Hitler, a tyrant who orchestrated one of the
largest genocides in human history, rise to power in a democratic country? The story begins at the end
of World War I. With the successful
Allied advance in 1918, Germany realized the war was unwinnable and signed an armistice
ending the fighting. As its imperial government collapsed, civil unrest and worker strikes
spread across the nation. Fearing a Communist revolution, major parties joined
to suppress the uprisings, establishing the parliamentary
Weimar Republic. One of the new government’s first tasks was implementing the peace treaty
imposed by the Allies. In addition to losing over a tenth
of its territory and dismantling its army, Germany had to accept full responsibility
for the war and pay reparations, debilitating its already weakened economy. All this was seen as a humiliation
by many nationalists and veterans. They wrongly believed the war
could have been won if the army hadn’t been betrayed
by politicians and protesters. For Hitler, these views became obsession, and his bigotry and paranoid delusions
led him to pin the blame on Jews. His words found resonance in a society
with many anti-Semitic people. By this time, hundreds
of thousands of Jews had integrated into German society, but many Germans continued to perceive
them as outsiders. After World War I, Jewish success led
to ungrounded accusations of subversion and war profiteering. It can not be stressed enough that these
conspiracy theories were born out of fear, anger, and bigotry, not fact. Nonetheless, Hitler found
success with them. When he joined a small nationalist
political party, his manipulative public speaking
launched him into its leadership and drew increasingly larger crowds. Combining anti-Semitism with
populist resentment, the Nazis denounced both Communism
and Capitalism as international Jewish conspiracies
to destroy Germany. The Nazi party was not initially popular. After they made an unsuccessful attempt
at overthrowing the government, the party was banned, and Hitler jailed for treason. But upon his release about a year later, he immediately began to rebuild
the movement. And then, in 1929,
the Great Depression happened. It led to American banks withdrawing
their loans from Germany, and the already struggling German economy
collapsed overnight. Hitler took advantage
of the people’s anger, offering them convenient scapegoats and a promise to restore Germany’s
former greatness. Mainstream parties proved
unable to handle the crisis while left-wing opposition was too
fragmented by internal squabbles. And so some of the frustrated public
flocked to the Nazis, increasing their parliamentary votes from
under 3% to over 18% in just two years. In 1932, Hitler ran for president, losing the election to decorated war hero
General von Hindenburg. But with 36% of the vote, Hitler had
demonstrated the extent of his support. The following year, advisors
and business leaders convinced Hindenburg to appoint Hitler
as Chancellor, hoping to channel his popularity
for their own goals. Though the Chancellor was only
the administrative head of parliament, Hitler steadily expanded the power
of his position. While his supporters formed
paramilitary groups and fought protestors in streets. Hitler raised fears
of a Communist uprising and argued that only he could restore
law and order. Then in 1933, a young worker was convicted of
setting fire to the parliament building. Hitler used the event to convince
the government to grant him emergency powers. Within a matter of months,
freedom of the press was abolished, other parties were disbanded, and anti-Jewish laws were passed. Many of Hitler’s early radical supporters
were arrested and executed, along with potential rivals, and when President Hindenburg died
in August 1934, it was clear there would be
no new election. Disturbingly, many of Hitler’s early
measures didn’t require mass repression. His speeches exploited
people’s fear and ire to drive their support behind him
and the Nazi party. Meanwhile, businessmen and intellectuals, wanting to be on the right side
of public opinion, endorsed Hitler. They assured themselves and each other that his more extreme rhetoric
was only for show. Decades later, Hitler’s rise remains
a warning of how fragile democratic institutions
can be in the face of angry crowds and a leader willing to feed their anger
and exploit their fears.

100 thoughts on “How did Hitler rise to power? – Alex Gendler and Anthony Hazard

  1. This what happened in Iran, that because of the western intrest impos Ayatollahs to power in Iran and up to present day supporting them. And finally they have to get rid of them. …..

  2. During the Great Depression Facists Governments in Europe rose to power
    Fascists in Italy 1922
    Nazis in Germany 1933
    Falange in spain 1936
    Democrats in USA 1932

  3. Churchill was a mass murderer too, but since he massacred Indians not jews or muslims nobody cares. Western countries only care if the victims are gays, muslims, jews or women, otherwise no matter who became the victim, they don't care at all.

  4. One thing you can learn from his rise is the following:
    If one radical little man can turn millions of people into murderers or supporters of murder… then anyone could turn millions of people into good people too.

  5. Me:Hope we have learnt the lessons of the war and will never allow such a thing to happen.
    Comment section:Hold my beer!

  6. Although, it's a very brief account, but I am very interested in obtaining the full account of how the man rose to power and events that characterised his ascension to power. Kindly suggest a good book I check the facts in details.

  7. Hmmmm, where have I heard that before? A democratic society is starting to see cracks form as instability rises. One person then try’s to convince a radical minority to put them in power using fear and scapegoats. Right under everyone else’s noses…. Nah, must’ve just been a book I read. No need to worry America!!?

  8. I had to watch this video many times, once for the information and many times for the animation. The animator is a goddamn genius!

  9. Mass support is impossible without cohersion. Force. That's why technology is so important nowadays. A small well organized group can easily control the world.

  10. when people are fed up and oppressed, a hero will rise.
    people use hindsight and claim "oh how could we let this happen" and so on and so forth. the truth is that you didnt just stand idly by and let it happen, you cheered on and wanted it to happen. your voice would be very different if germany won WW2.

  11. They wanted to be on the right side of the public's opinion. Hm…. I can think of a good number of current topics people ignore facts on today in order to be of the public's opinion. Obviously, just because it's the general public's opinion does not make it right….

  12. When you realized both World Wars were started by Austria but Germany took all the blames.
    You were my brother Austria

  13. Brazil need help!!!

    Our country is taking one more step towards totalitarianism every day.
    the opposition is called communist and anarchist, any and all disrespected and violently opposed opposition, the dismantled social welfare, dismantled universities, animals and the poor on arms policies, pro-hunting, pro-death …
    we are in an extreme polarized scenario:
    one side screams in hate, the other in despair, in the center a passive inert mass that pretends that nothing happens

  14. This sounds a heck of a lot like trump " A promise to restore Germany's former greatness" lets make Germany great again !!. "Anti-Jewish laws were passed " Like the ones tearing immigrant families apart…

  15. Not a nationalist party, the "National Socialist German Workers' Party". Let's remember where did all this hate begin, along with other genocides originated form Marxism.

  16. It's always amusing how far right figures invoke the fear of communism in order to get into power. Communism is a biggest threat to these people, no one wonders why.

  17. … why does this sound so familiar? A man who built his popularity up to being the main powerhouse of a democratic system by using people’s fear, anger and bigotry? Silencing those who spoke against him? Even having his peers try to play his extremist beliefs off as just an act?

  18. 5:01 "they assured themselves and eachother that Hitler's more extreme rhetoric was just for show, a spectacle"

    SOUND FAMILIAR? This is what supporters of a certain leader in the 21st century also keep thinking, UNTIL IT'S TOO LATE! A WARNING TO VOTERS OF THE 21ST CENTURY AS WELL!

  19. "how fragile democratic institutions can be in the face of angry crowds", I feel this sentence speaks to my country a lot. How the politic dramas keep happening here and there. Some has a way of calming 'the angry crowds' with money, even when they don't know what they are doing. Play of emotions, everyone?

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