Dissociative identity disorder | Behavior | MCAT | Khan Academy


– [Instructor] Dissociative
Identity Disorder, which was formerly called
Multiple Personality Disorder, describes cases where two or
more distinct personalities or distinct identities seem
to exist within a single body. And both of these identities
have some kind of influence on that person’s thoughts or behaviors. These identities are
distinct from one another. They have their own mannerisms. They can have different
emotional responses. And there can sometimes
even be physical changes, and I’m going to put
physical in quotes here, because I don’t actually
mean that there are changes in body parts in any way, but
there have been some cases where researchers have described that the distinct identities
have different handedness. One identified as being left handed, and the other identified
as being right handed. There are also cases where
one of the personalities, typically the original personality, denies the existence of the other ones. So, it isn’t actually aware that these other distinct
personalities exist within that person. So how would something
like this come about? Research indicates that
individuals who’ve been diagnosed with Dissociative Identity
Disorder have a history of child abuse, or some other kind of
extreme life stressor. And there are a lot of different theories as to how this could happen, but they all seem to
center on a central idea, which is that under
cases of extreme stress, a person’s conscious
awareness disassociates, or separates from,
certain painful memories, or thoughts, or feelings. How common is Dissociative
Identity Disorder? How often do we see it in the population? And the answer is,
Dissociative Identity Disorder is extremely rare. In fact, I think that
one of the only reasons that people are aware of this disorder is because it winds up in movies or books as a plot point or a plot twist. And we also know about it
because we sometimes hear about it in the news. And by that, I mean that it’s
been popularized by extreme and sometimes fake cases. If you have some time,
you can look up the case of Kenneth Bianchi, who was
known as the Hillside Strangler. He was a man who claimed
that his crimes were actually the result of a different personality. It was later determined
that this was not the case. However, it did put this
disorder in the news. Unlike the other disorders
that we’ve talked about so far, there’s actually a fair
amount of controversy that surrounds this one. And part of that controversy
has to do with how rare it is. Because as rare as it is in North America, in the United States, it’s even more rare outside of America. This leads some scientists to wonder whether or not it’s some
kind of cultural construct instead of a real disorder. Others wonder if this is a disorder than can be induced by therapists. So, maybe a therapist who
knows about this disorder, and suspects that someone might have it, might say things like, “Do you ever feel like there
is another part of you? “Maybe a part of you that
you aren’t always aware of?” And then from there, that
can be taken even further. They might ask something like,
“Does this part have a name? “Can I speak to this part?” And in response to this, the individuals who are seeking therapy
might intentionally or unintentionally play along with what the therapist is saying. This brings up another interesting point about personality changes
and about role-playing. Because in some way, we actually all have
multiple personalities. The person who we are when
we’re in private is different from the person who we are when
we’re with our grandparents or our friends. We all play different roles in life, and we’re expected to
play different roles. We step up to them and we play along, and we don’t even think about it. That’s just how we act
in different situations. So, maybe some people, in
situations of extreme stress, might kind of lose themselves
in these different roles, sort of the same way that an
actor might lose themselves in a part. So these multiple personalities, these supposedly distinct identities, could be some kind of
extreme form of role-playing, maybe even one the
individual isn’t aware of. And at this time, the answer doesn’t seem to be completely clear.

27 thoughts on “Dissociative identity disorder | Behavior | MCAT | Khan Academy

  1. It's not "extremely rare." It's seen in 1 to 2 percent of the population! That's the percentage of redheads. D.I.D. IS NOT EXTREMELY RARE! Yes, it is controversial, but it's NOT actually extremely rare!

    This is NOT ROLEPLAYING. What kind of shit are you teaching? This is a disorder from abuse, these kids, these people, are not ROLE PLAYING. They are dealing with massive time lost sometimes, they are dealing with trying to heal from trauma, they are dealing with shit you aren't even teaching here. You completely are misinforming.

  2. I can't even begin to explain the amount of incorrect information in this video. Talk to someone with the disorder, then maybe you'll understand. It's not all that rare. It's a legitimate diagnosis. It can only be cased by trauma or abuse before age 7. The people who have it are often very much aware of their condition, and have to deal with people not believing them and calling them liars or fakers for years. You talked about controversy and fake cases, and then perpetuated the problem by drawing attention to a specific fake case, while never giving any documented cases of D.I.D., which are out there. And as for role playing? This isn't a game. This disorder isn't fun. It sucks. It's not role playing. It's individual parts that have developed because of severe trauma and abuse.
    So much for an educational video. Maybe educate yourself.

  3. You might as well have said its conclusively faked to please therapists! For many people with DID there is no controversy only a frightening reality. Maybe you should consider taking down this video for respect with those diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder as it is stigmatizing rather than informative.

  4. this is so not accurate…I have it am nothing like this. so where did she get her information from…so misguided. this should of never been on here

  5. i dont have a disorder just not alowed to think or express my self since birth.its a set up to in slave others.

  6. fuck psycoligy its bull shit ive studded it for a decade.90 pesent of a century.22 centurt we are in now.

  7. It was all "minorly not okay" and excusable until 3:50. DID is not. Role playing. Yes everyone has kind of "separate ego states" but tell that to my child alter who doesn't recognize those around her when she fronts. My disorder is not induced by a therapist. It's induced by trauma. I'd highly suggest taking this down because this increases the stigma and misinformation around this disorder. Please and thank you. The attempted suicide rate is already at 70% among those with DID – spreading misinfo like this contributes to the negative social stigma, which severely impacts our lives.

    This video is not acceptable. Thank you.

  8. Ohhhh my god what the fresh fuck is this? You are spreading so much wrong information. Firstly, it's not rare. It's about as common as redheadedness. Secondly, it's definitely not rare outside of the US, either, unless you think abuse and extreme stressors are limited to America, lmao. Thirdly, it's not just a 'social construct'. It's a real disorder that makes scientific sense – when the original personality can't handle what's occurring, a split happens, creating an alternate personality, or alter, to deal with it. God, if this is the information the MCAT uses then it seriously needs an update!

  9. seriously it's not fucking role play, do some real fucking research and read up on the theory of structural dissociation before you decided to "educate" other people.

  10. There were no movies and books when I became aware of it. And I never got therapy. This speaker must work for the False Memory Syndrome Foundation. How can it be "roll playing" when I regain consciousness (wasn't aware that I lost consciousness) and everyone is staring at me and some are laughing. I have no clue as to what just happened.

  11. This video is full of bullsh*t………….plzzz remove this misinformation.
    DID is NOT rare. 2% of population is suffering from it….these are millions of people.
    It is a defense mechanism of mind to deal with trauma from child abuse, war crimes, terrorism, etc.
    It is NOT role-playing.

  12. A very, very poor video. By someone who I suspect is either sceptical or under-educated. Please remove and upload another with perhaps some integrity.

  13. Yes! Someone finally said it! Most of these people on YouTube just want attention and will go to any lengths to get it. Yes they are mentally ill but their illness is not DID. It’s probably BPD with a double scoop of extreme narcissism

  14. having a persona is not DID an alter cqn have multiple personas just like any other human this is horribly wrong. Take down this horrible video full of misinformation.

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